PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara (PTNNT) is an Indonesian joint venture company owned by Nusa Tenggara Partnership and by PT Pukuafu Indah. In 1986 PTNNT signed a Contract of Work Agreement for our Batu Hijau copper and gold mine with the Republic of Indonesia in an area located on West Nusa Tenggara Province.
Batu Hijau is an open pit mine with associated processing and support facilities. Our product is copper concentrate containing small quantities of gold which is transported to local and foreign smelters for further processing. The project is located in West Sumbawa regency, West Nusa Tenggara.
The Batu Hijau porphyry copper deposit was discovered in 1990 after ten years of exploration. Following the approval of the feasibility study and environmental impact analysis (ANDAL), a US$1.8 billion construction project commenced in early 1997 and finished in late 1999, followed by commissioning/ start up. Commercial production started on 1 March 2000.
Based on the feasibility study, Batu Hijau’s ore reserves were 1.1 billion tons containing 0.525 percent copper and 0.37 grams per ton of gold. At the current production rate, Batu Hijau’s mine life is expected to continue until 2023. PTNNT is currently exploring other parts of its Contract of Work area such as the Elang exploration prospect.
As a contractor to the Government of Indonesia, PTNNT contributes substantially to the nation’s economy through employment, domestic purchases, royalties and taxes. Currently, PTNNT is responsible for the direct employment of over 7,000 people. Of these, more than 60 percent are from the province of West Nusa Tenggara.
In 2007, PTNNT contributed more than $248 million in taxes, non-taxes and royalties to the Indonesian government. In addition, PTNNT annually purchases goods and services from within Indonesia amounting more than US$154 million, pays US$58 million to national employees and spends US$4 million in community development.
Dompu Tribe 82.000
The Dompu people group lives in the Dompu Regency on the island of Sumbawa in the West Nusa Tenggara Province. They live in the Huu, Dompu, Kempo, and Kilo districts. They live among several other ethnic groups including those who are native to the area, such as the Donggo and Bima, as well as those who have migrated there like the Melayu, Bugis, and Sasak. The Bima people live in closest proximity to the Dompu people. The Bima people are the predominant people group in the eastern part of Sumbawa Island, and the Sumbawa people are the predominant people group in the western part. The Dompu people use the Bima language, which is sometimes called Nggahi Mbojo. The Dompu people rarely move from their home district. Those who do move are primarily motivated by educational and economic factors. On the other hand, many outsiders have moved to the Dompu area.The primary livelihood of the Dompu people is farming and fishing. Some Dompu people raise livestock, and work as traders or employees in businesses. Their agricultural methods of rice farming range from very technical to very simple, and covers an area of 13,000 hectares. Other crops include cassava, sweet potatoes, soybeans, corn, tobacco, kapok from cotton trees, kemiri nuts, areca nuts, and tamarind trees. They also have coffee and coconut tree plantations, but these do not yield significant profits. They are successful and make a significant profit from salt water and fresh water fishing. The Dompu people’s base administrative structure for their society is the village (desa). Their villages are always located along the side of roads or rivers. The Dompu houses are made from wood and dried leaves with roofs that slope down very low. The transportation of the Dompu people usually consists of wagons pulled by water buffalo (gerobak kerbau), and horse drawn carts (dokar kuda) that are sometimes called “ben hurs” after the American movie.In 1969 the Nangameru area of the Dompu region was established as a transmigration area. As a result people migrated to this area from Jawa (Jawa) and other over-populated islands of Indonesia. This precipitated misunderstandings between those native to the area and the transmigrants. The social differences between the various new groups and the original local people widened the gap between them. The majority of the Dompu embrace Islam. However, despite their Islamic beliefs, they still believe in spirits. The Muslim religious leaders and the well educated are respected by the rest of the community, in part due to their relatively high economic status.
West end of Sumbawa Island, west of the isthmus. Alternate names: Semawa, Sumbawarese.
The Sumbawa (or Samawa) people group live on the island of Sumbawa in West Nusa Tenggara Province. The name Sumbawa originally designated only the western part of this island (the former Sultanate of Sumbawa), with its eastern part known as Bima. Today the whole island is called Sumbawa, but the Sumbawa people live primarily scattered throughout 14 districts of west Sumbawa, while the Bima people live in the eastern portion of the island. There are also some Sumbawa people who migrated to the island of Lombok a long time ago. Farming is the livelihood of the general population of Sumbawa. They cultivate irrigated rice fields or unirrigated rice fields that depend on rainwater. Raising cattle such as water buffalo, cows and goats are also an important source of income for the Sumbawa people.The Sumbawa society has several systems of gotong royong (mutual assistance). One system is known as Basiru, which involves working together in the fields alternating at the request of individuals in the village. Saleng tulong is another cooperation system where food is prepared and given to someone, who later returns the same favor. The Sumbawa people follow patrilineal (tracing descent from the father) lines of ancestry. It is their custom that a newlywed couple lives with the family of the husband (patrilocal). After a father has a child he is usually called by the name of his firstborn.The neighborhood of the Sumbawa people is called a kampung or a karang. They live in groups scattered throughout the village’s vicinity, which has no clear boundaries due to its large size. Some settlements have wooden fences with gates, called jebak. Most of their houses are elevated. A regular home is called a bale and the home of the upper class is called a bala. The usual neighborhood includes a mosque, a village meetinghouse and a rice barn.The villages choose their own village leader (kepala kampung), who is then inaugurated by a higher-ranking official called a demong. The kepala kampung and his mandur (deputy) oversee village life with the assistance of the malar, who supervises community land, and the lebeh, who is in charge of religious affairs. The lebeh is assisted by a group of staff called isi mesigit, which consists of various religious officials (rura, modum, katib and martabat) who each perform specific duties. The majority of the Sumbawa people are Shafiite Mulslims ,but there are still many animistic practices evident behind the veneer of Islam. There are many shamans left in the society and many Sumbawa professing Islam still rely on advice and help, especially in times of crisis. In 1995, in this province, more than 75% of children under the age of five received ‘help’ from the local dukun or shaman. They also believe in various spirits and genies, such as samar and bakek. The people have special ceremonies seeking protection from disasters and evil spirits.
Bima (Mbojo) -Sumbawa-628.000
The Bima (also called the Mbojo) people live in West Nusa Tenggara Province in the flat lowland regencies of Bima and Dompu on the eastern portion Sumbawa Island, as well as on Sangeang Island. Despite a long coastline, indented by bays, the population is not sea-oriented and most villages lie more than 5 kilometers from the coast. The northern part of their area is fertile, while the southern portion is barren and infertile.The Bima people are also called the Oma (moving) people, because they continue a lifestyle of often moving. The Bima language (sometimes called Nggahi Mbojo) includes the Bima, Bima Donggo, and Sangeang dialects. The primary livelihood of the Bima people is dry land farming, however they also practice irrigated rice farming using a system of irrigation called panggawa. They are also famous for breeding horses. The Bima women are skilled at braiding mats from bamboo and palmyra palm leaves and weaving a fabric for which they are well known called tembe nggoli.A Bima settlement is called a kampo or kampe and is led by a village leader, who is called a neuhi. He is helped by a group of highly respected family elders. The leadership position is inherited from generation to generation among the descendents of the village’s founder. The Bima people are definitely not shut off from outside influences. Formerly school education was considered to be in opposition to their traditions. Now, however, they endorse education from primary school through university. They tend to consider outside influences as good, especially cultural and technological ones. Even though the large majority of Bima people embrace Islam and are known for being very staunch in their religion, they still believe in spirits and continue with many animistic practices. There are still many shamans left in the society and many Sumbawa professing Islam still rely on advice and help, especially in times of crisis.The Bima people fear the spirits of Batara Gangga (the head god with the greatest power), Batara Guru, Idadari Sakti, and Jeneng, as well as the spirits Bake and Jin who live in trees, very high mountains and are believed to have power to cause disease and calamities. They also believe in a large supernatural tree located in Kalate, and in Murmas, which is the special dwelling place of the gods of Mountain Rinjani, as well as a special place where Batara and the other gods and goddesses live. The original beliefs of the Bima people are called pare no bongi, which refers to belief in the spirits of their ancestors. In the 1930’s hundreds of Bima people in the mountain area of Dompu heard the gospel and responded. Today there are 4 mountain villages that are more than 90% ‘Christian’. These people are very poor and isolated.
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