Mount Lawu Nature Reserve
Criteria Requirements – Heritage
1. Uniqueness and characteristics of heritage Natural Heritage
1.1 Significance of ecological systems and natural habitats.
Mount Lawu preservation area covers a wide variety of tourism attractions. It is a pilgrimage destination for some people because they believe that Sunan Lawu (Sunan means the messenger of Islam) died there.
It is also the home of Sarangan lake and Tawangmangu waterfalls, two already popular tourist destinations.
But the main reason behind the preservation is an archaeological sites lies at 900 meters above sea level. The unique temples found in mount Lawu is somehow almost like a miniature of Inca remnants in Peru.
1.2 Undisturbed environments or environments demonstrating natural process at work.
As a forest reserve Mount Lawu is highly protected by the local and central government. A memorandum of understanding had been signed by both parties to ensure that conservation prevails.
Together with a prominent university and some NGOs, the government is planning to make this area a significant culture preservation program.
1.3 Existence of rare and unique species present at the site
Mount Lawu has endemic flowers not to be found anywhere else. It is also the home of some endangered plantations. Local people believe that some of them possess medical values.
The endangered Javanese Tiger and wild deer is also inhabited the area.
1.4 Significance of the existing cultural and historical resources.
Archaeological remnants in this area are scattered in almost the whole area.
Majapahit Kingdom built these temples in 15th century. They are as follows : Sukuh temple, Ceto temple, Ketek temple, Planggatan temple, and Petirtaan Simbatan Wetan.
Some statues also found in these temples. Hindu disciples are regularly performing their rituals in these temples.
1.5 Authenticity and integrity
The archaeological remnants of Mount Lawu are well integrated with the surroundings. They were built in terraces to go along with the geographic and geologic nature of the area. The relief picturing the specific nature of Hinduism in Indonesia.
1.6 Degree of survival of the archaeological remains, human values, ways of life, custom, land use, events and living traditions.
Of all the temples, only two of them have been restored. They are Sukuh temple and Ceto temple.
They have become the destination of pilgrimage for Hindu disciples in Indonesia and also a place to perform some cultural performances.
2. Site protection and conservation
2.1 Existence of management control/measures to ensure that the site capacity (in terms of resources and facilities) can absorb tourism activities.
Mount Lawu preservation area covers 8 different administrative. They have sat together to coordinate the development of the area according to their responsibilities. In the mean time the central government has established a zoning regulation for the area not only for preservation but also for tourism purposes.
Some tourist facilities have been built to cater the needs of visitors that include parking lot, souvenir shop, museum, accommodation etc.
3. Tourism and site management
3.1 Appropriate tourism activities compatible with local heritage, values and character.
Sukuh temple and Ceto temple have become a pilgrimage destination for Hindu disciples. And for tourism purposes both temples also used for performing arts and cultures.
3.2 Involvement of local communities in the development and the management of the cultural and the natural heritage site.
The first day of Islam Month Muharram is the time for Grebeg Lawu, a ritual that regularly performed.
During Indonesia’s independence day, a cultural festival is held in the temples.
The local government of Karanganyar have made and agreement with the local government of Gianyar Bali which is a Hindu Island to make Ceto temple not only as a pilgrimage destination but also a cultural destination.
3.3 Creation of jobs that encourage the use of local knowledge, skills and traditions.
Because the variety of attraction in this area, the government has appointed and trained some guides both local community and from the private sector to cater the specific character of the area that covers cultural and natural attractions.
3.4 The use of appropriate off-site and on-site interpretative media to educate visitors.
The local government backed by the central government has produced some promotion materials to promote the area.
They also provide signage to give clear direction for visitors.
4. Environmental management 4.1 Zoning parking area for the site.
Parking lot is available near the area and for visitor without their own vehicle, they can use public transportation or motorbike rent provided by the local community.